Appalachian Coal Mining

Dec 10, 2018· In West ia, a conflict arose between a Jim Justice family company, Bluestone Coal, and Pinnacle Mining, a subsidiary of Clarke-owned Seneca Coal Resources. In 2016, Bluestone claimed that Pinnacle’s operations resulted in flooding at Bluestone’s Double-Bonus mine. The company sought $600 million in damages.

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Nov 04, 2013· The Central Appalachian region has been the heart of coal country for as long as anyone can remember. But in recent years, Kentucky and West ia's coal industries have been facing a painful ...

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Jul 09, 2019· Last Monday, the country’s sixth-largest coal producer, the mining company Blackjewel LLC ... While PRB coal is not as energy-dense as Appalachian coal, it …

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Mountaintop-removal mines in Appalachia are estimated to produce just 5 to 10 percent of total U.S. coal production, and generate less than 4 percent of our electricity—an amount that could be eliminated from the energy supply with small gains in energy efficiency and conservation.

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Oct 18, 2017· The main constraint on the rise of surface mining in Appalachia was not the lack of large mining machines but the lack of a transportation infrastructure to haul the coal from the small eastern surface mines, which did not have direct access to the railroad system used by large underground mines.

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Appalachian Coal Mining Memories - Life in the Coal Fields of ia's New River Valley [Mary B. La Lone] on . *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Fifty-one interview with 61 different people who tell about their lives as coal miners, as wives of coal miners

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Mar 21, 2016· Central Appalachia’s history is the story of coal. At its peak in the mid-20 th century, mining employed more than 150,000 people in West ia …

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A History of Appalachian Coal Mines, in Legal Problems of Coal Mine Reclamation: A Study in Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania and West ia (U.S. Govt. Printing Office, 1972) •• ... mining coal --bituminous cinders and crude mining imple­ ...

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Appalachian Coal Industry, Power Generation, and Supply Chain . 4 . Figure 2. Coal Mining Production, 1985 to 2015 (millions of short tons) Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Monthly Production . Figure 3 illustrates coal production growth trends in Appalachia …

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Mar 31, 2018· Hazard, Kentucky, a town hard-hit from coal-mining closings, is struggling to employ its out-of-work coal miners through a mix of local, state, federal and private programs. ... In Appalachia coal ...

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Human Health Impacts ... Heart disease is the leading cause of death in Appalachian coal-mining communities. Areas with mountaintop removal have significantly higher mortality rates from cardiovascular disease than other parts of Appalachia with similar levels of …

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Welcome to Northern Appalachian Coal Mining Heritage Association. The only museum in North Central West ia dedicated solely to coal mining heritage.

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Appalachian Mountain Advocates was founded to address the devastation association with coal mining. Over the last 15 years, we have led the legal battle against mountaintop removal mining and have worked hard to prevent the coal industry from externalizing environmental and …

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Coal is mined in Appalachia by both surface and underground mining techniques. Surface coal mining methods in the steep terrain of the central Appalachian coalfields include mountaintop removal, contour, area and highwall mining. Coal mining operations are found in Kentucky, West ia, ia ...

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Another diagram set features the Majestic Colliery Company tipple near Majestic, Kentucky, served by the N&W. The final pages of chapter one feature coke ovens and company mining towns. Into chapter two, Appalachian Coal Mines And Railroads looks at the actual transportation of coal by rail during the period. Most often featured here is the N&W ...

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Oct 04, 2011· Remnants of days gone by - Coal camps in West ia, ia, Pennsylvania, and Kentucky. Photos courtesy of www.coalcampusa.com

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Most of the coal mines may have closed in Appalachia, but that hasn’t stopped the drive for coal. Perhaps in desperation more than greed, many people have turned to work with coal companies that use mountaintop removal mining, a procedure that levels entire tops of mountains and exposes the coal for collection. It’s quick and dirty, and it ...

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Mountaintop removal mining (MTR), also known as mountaintop mining (MTM), is a form of surface mining at the summit or summit ridge of a mountain. Coal seams are extracted from a mountain by removing the land, or overburden, above the seams. This method of coal mining is conducted in the Appalachian Mountains in the eastern United States.

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A Scrapbook of Appalachian Coal Towns. Online since 2001. as seen in the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. and the Charleston Gazette. and the Big Stone Gap Post "Amazingly thorough, obsessively comprehensive documentation of coal mines and coal mining towns in the Appalachian mountain area. " - Encyclopedia of Forlorn Places. EASTERN PENNSYLVANIA ...

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Welcome to Appalachian Railroad Modeling! This site is a collection of prototype and modeling information for those interested in scale trains and modeling the coal-hauling railroads of Appalachia. Prototype information includes photos, rosters, maps, etc.

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The rising number of factories popping up across the nation in the opening days of the 1900s created an endless demand for coal. By 1918, the industry was experiencing record sales, totaling 579 million tons of bituminous coal. Aided by railroads, which tore through the countryside, coal companies ...

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"overburden" (rock above the coal seam), and "interburden" (rock between coal seams). Overburden and interburden are disposed of in adjacent valleys because the broken rock will not all fit back into the mining pit, and disposal alternatives are limited. The usual method of disposing of this excess ...

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May 19, 2013· Competition from high-producing western mines that can mine coal at a cheaper price is also putting economic pressure on Central Appalachia — which has long been associated with coal mining ...

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Dec 30, 2017· Though it’s hard to put a dollar sign on the human toll, Hendryx estimates that costs associated with the higher mortality of Appalachia’s coal-mining …

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Surface mining at these scales is more economical for coal companies, safer for miners, and, coal operators say, essential for mining the thin seams of lower-sulfur coal more valuable in today’s market. With dynamite and immense machines, surface mines can produce more than two to three times as much coal per miner as underground mines can.

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An Overview of the Coal Economy in Appalachia Eric Bowen, Ph.D., Christiadi, Ph.D., John Deskins, Ph.D., and Brian Lego West ia University Commissioned by the Appalachian Regional Commission January 2018 Source: shutterstock.com

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Aug 30, 2015· In Appalachia, the coal industry is in collapse, but the mountains aren’t coming back. ... Before coal companies came along, Appalachia had been …

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The 2009 study, Mortality in Appalachian Coal Mining Regions: The Value of Statistical Life Lost, by West ia University professor Michael Hendryx and Melissa Ahern of Washington State University, reports that coal mining in Appalachia costs five times more in premature deaths than the industry provides in jobs, taxes, and other economic ...

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We examined elevated mortality rates in Appalachian coal mining areas for 1979–2005, and estimated the corresponding value of statistical life (VSL) lost relative to the economic benefits of the coal mining industry. We compared age-adjusted mortality rates and socioeconomic conditions across four ...

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Jul 01, 2019· The companies, owned and controlled by Milton, West ia, resident Jeff Hoops, a longtime coal executive, employ about 1,700 employees across its Central Appalachian coal mining …

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