Cesium Formate Sg

Oct 14, 2019· Cesium formate (CsCOOH) is an alkali salt and member of the formate family with potassium formate and sodium formate. It has the highest density of the formate brines with natural specific gravity (SG) of up to 2.30 (19.2 lb/gal). This clear brine is monovalent, with low viscosity and crystallization temperature, and an adjustable alkaline pH.

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Cesium formate brines (SG 2.2) have been developed for challenging high pressure, high temperature (HPHT) drilling operations and are produced from pollucite at the TANCO lithium mine in …

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Cabot Specialty Fluids is the world's only significant producer of cesium formate brine. Since its introduction to the market in 1999, Cabot's cesium formate brine has been used with great success in more than 110 HPHT wells in the North Sea, Gulf of Mexico, Eastern Europe, and Argentina.

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Potassium formate, HCO 2 K, HCOOK, or CHKO 2, is the potassium salt of formic acid. This strongly hygroscopic white solid is an intermediate in the formate potash process for the production of potassium. Potassium formate has also been studied as a potential environmentally friendly deicing salt …

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Chapter 1 provides an overview of Cesium Formate market, containing global revenue, global production, sales, and CAGR. The forecast and analysis of Cesium Formate market by type, application, and region are also presented in this chapter. Chapter 2 is …

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Potassium Formate is a useful chemical compound in the production of potassium metal and in the oil and gas industry, often in aqueous solution (alone, or mixed with cesium formate), to yield a high-density, environmentally-friendly brine that can be used a a heat transfer fluid.

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-1- CONCENTRATIVE PROPERTIES OF AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS: DENSITY, REFRACTIVE INDEX, FREEZING POINT DEPRESSION, AND VISCOSITY This table gives properties of aqueous solutions of 66 substances as a function of concentration.

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Due to its high solubility in water, a "clear brine" of Cesium Formate in water can reach 19.8 ppg (2.4 Sg) density. In achieving this high density, cesium formate retains exceptionally low viscosity. Referring to Figure 1, a sodium formate liquid at 1.2 Specific gravity (Sg, water=1 g/ml) has a viscosity of only slightly over 2 cP.

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Cesium Formate Solution (Cesium Formate Brine, or CsFo) is an aqueous solution of cesium formate used primarily by the oil and gas industry as a drilling fluid, drill tip lubricant, and a foundation stabilizer due to its high density, environmental friendliness, and stability under high temperature and pressure environments. Cesium formate ...

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SG 1.76 potassium/cesium formate drilling fluid circulated at 500 psi overbalance for 48 hours across the face of a 20 mD sandstone plug at 150°C, and then left static for a further 48 hours, resulting in 1.2 pore volumes of fluid loss through the core.

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Cesium formate brine. An example of the element Cesium: Sample Image | Spin Video | QuickTimeVR Rotation; Cesium formate brine. In the oil well industry, where this amazing liquid is used, the term "brine" refers to a clear fluid containing fully dissolved salts such as calcium chloride, calcium bromide, or if you're lucky, cesium formate.

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Abstract This paper summarizes the experiences of Total E&P's first use ever of a low-solids cesium formate reservoir drill-in and screen-running fluid. The unique 2.07 SG formate brine-based mud system was used by Total E&P Norge as reservo

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The formate salts of alkali metals are very soluble in water and form brines of very high density and low crystallization temperatures. Potassium is the second most soluble of the three formate brines, second only to cesium formate. Formula = KCOOH. Potassium Formate fluids, like cesium formate, are ideal as base fluids in a number of industries.

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NEW CESIUM FORMATE BRINE FOR SALE - IMMEDIATE AVAILABILITY EX-STOCK . Brine Density: SG 2.20 (18.36 ppg) @ 16OC. Specification: New product- exceptionally low levels of divalent cations, heavy metals, sulphate and chloride.

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of the caesium formate brine were achieved using a SG 1.57 potassium formate brine spacer, pre-ceded by a slug of viscosified potassium formate brine. FORMATE BRINE LOSSES Caesium formate brine is a high-value fine chemical, made in quite small quan-tities (only 1,270 cu m /year of SG 2.2 brine), and is provided by Cabot on a rental basis.

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Sep 26, 2019· Formic acid is the starting material for the production of potassium formate and cesium formate. When dissolved in water, these formate salts give a solution (formate solutions) of high density.* Advantages of formate solutions: Low corrosiveness Non-critical health, safety and environmental (HSE) profile Eco-compatible because they can be recycled (more than 90% …

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Sodium formate and potassium formate dissolved in water make clear brines with the following useful properties and features: Dry formate powders can also be dissolved in a number of non-aqueous solvents to make unusual high-density water-free ßuids. 9 Densities up to SG 1.57 (13.1 ppg) 9 Can be blended with cesium formate to provide densities up

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Cesium Formate fluids are high density (up to S.G. 2.20) and solids free; they do not require the addition of particles of weighting agents which damage reservoir productivity. Cesium Formate only contains monovalent ions which are incapable of reacting with reservoir fluids to …

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Caesium (IUPAC spelling) (also spelled cesium in American English) is a chemical element with the symbol Cs and atomic number 55. It is a soft, silvery-golden alkali metal with a melting point of 28.5 °C (83.3 °F), which makes it one of only five elemental metals that are liquid at or near room temperature.

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About cesium formate. Cesium formate (CsCOOH) is an alkali salt and member of the formate family with potassium formate and sodium formate. It has the highest density of the formate brines with natural specific gravity (SG) of up to 2.30 (19.2 lb/gal).

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industry are Sodium formate, Potassium formate and now cesium formate. Cesium formate has a maximum density of 2.3 specific gravity (sg) and may be blended with the other formates, Sodi-um and Potassium to give a fluid of any density between 1.0 sg and 2.3 sg depending on the density required for a specific application. At the lower end of

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Founded in 1882, Cabot Corporation (NYSE: CBT) is a global specialty chemicals and performance materials company, headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts. The company is a leading provider of rubber and specialty carbons, activated carbon, inkjet colorants, cesium formate drilling fluids, fumed silica, aerogel and elastomer composites.

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Cesium formate fluid succeeds in North Sea HPHT field trials Winnepeg Cabot's TANCO mine and cesium formate production facility Cesium is produced from the mineral pollucite, found in abundance at Cabot’s TANCO mine in Manitoba, Canada. A production facility adjacent to the mine was completed in 1997 and can produce 12,000 bbl of cesium ...

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SG 1.76 potassium/cesium formate drilling fluid circulated at 500 psi overbalance for 48 hours across the face of a 20 mD sandstone plug at 150°C, and then left static for a further 48 hours, resulting in 1.2 pore volumes of fluid loss through the core.

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The various formate brines (sodium, potassium, and cesium formate) have been subject to a variety of test regimes by major operating and service companies, as well as environmental testing facilities, and are quite possibly the most tested new drilling fluids today.

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In 1860, Robert Bunsen and Gustav Kirchhoff discovered Cesium in the mineral water from Durkheim, Germany. Due to the bright blue lines in its emission spectrum, they chose a name derived from the Latin word Caesius, meaning sky-blue.

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Cesium Formate, CsCOOH 16 22 2 18 16 14 12 1 1836 1670 1503 1336 1169 1002 835 SG lb / gal Ammonium Chlo ride, NH 4 Cl Potassium Sulfate, K 2 SO 4 Potassium Chloride, KCl Sodium Chloride, NaCl Magnesium Chloride, MgCl 2 Sodium Nitrate, NaNO 3 Sodium Formate, NaCOOH Potassium Acetate, KC 2 H 3 O 2 Calcium Chloride, CaCl 2

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Life Without Barite: Ten Years of Drilling Deep HPHT Gas Wells With Cesium Formate Brine. ... Cesium formate drill-in fluid at a density of SG 1.91 was used to drill and co mplete the 8 ½ ...

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Formate Brines. EMEC’s range of formate brines provide densities up to 19.2 ppg (2.3 sg). The sodium, potassium and cesium formate brine range has provided superior well control and has minimized formation damage when used as a low-solids drill-in fluid, and has protected wellbore tubulars and down hole assemblies from corrosion when used as ...

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